I wanted to go back and look at an older post I did on U4A. After all this time I keep coming back to this theory. We’ve discussed so many theories of what really happened to Ayla but in my opinion this is what most likely happened. I left all the old comments so we could compare what we thought then verses now. What do you think now?
This is another scenario in what may have happened to Ayla. This is not an accusation nor are we stating it as a fact. In our last post we talked about how much blood a small cut would produce. If something like this occurred it would explain Heidi’s statement of 4 pin sized dots of blood and also the Boston station’s source’s account of blood spatter. LE has not confirmed or denied whether there was blood spatter found. Often times when spatter is found it’s associated with a gunshot wound or blunt force trauma, but it can also be caused by aspirated blood and the pattern is very similar.
Warning- I’ve tried to share enough information for you to understand this possibility without being too graphic, but some may want to use caution while reading. I’ve omitted certain parts that I was afraid were too graphic but you can read the entire articles by clicking on the corresponding link.
inhalation of some foreign material; aspiration of vomitus, blood, or mucus may occur when a person is unconscious or under the effects of a general anesthetic, and can be avoided by keeping the head turned to the side and removing all such foreign material from the air passages.
Overdoses of drugs or chemicals can be either accidental or intentional. Drug overdoses occur when a person takes more than the medically recommended dose. However, some people may be more sensitive to certain medications so that the high end of the therapeutic range of a drug may be toxic for them.
Illicit drugs, used to get high, may be taken in overdose amounts when a person’s metabolism cannot detoxify the drug fast enough to avoid unintended side effects
Drug overdoses can involve people of any age. It is most common in very young children (from crawling age to about 5 years) and among teenagers to those in their mid-30s.
Drug Overdose Causes
The cause of a drug overdose is either by accidental overuse or by intentional misuse. Accidental overdoses result from either a young child or an adult with impaired mental abilities swallowing a medication left within their grasp. An adult (especially elderly persons or people taking many medications) can mistakenly ingest the incorrect medication or take the wrong dose of a medication. Purposeful overdoses are for a desired effect, either to get high or to harm oneself.
- Young children may swallow drugs by accident because of their curiosity about medications they may find. Children younger than 5 years (especially 6 months to 3 years) tend to place everything they find into their mouths. Drug overdoses in this age group are generally caused when someone accidentally leaves a medication within the child’s reach. Toddlers, when they find medications, often share them with other children. Therefore, if you suspect an overdose in one child while other children are around, those other children may have taken the medication too.
Drug Overdose Symptoms
Drugs have effects on the entire body. Generally, in an overdose, the effects of the drug may be a heightened level of the therapeutic effects seen with regular use. In overdose, side effects become more pronounced, and other effects can take place, which would not occur with normal use. Large overdoses of some medications cause only minimal effects, while smaller overdoses of other medications can cause severe effects, possibly death. A single dose of some medications can be lethal to a young child. Some overdoses may worsen a person’s chronic disease. For example, an asthma attack or chest pains may be triggered.
- Problems with vital signs (temperature, pulse rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure) are possible and can be life threatening. Vital sign values can be increased, decreased, or completely absent.
- Sleepiness, confusion, and coma are common and can be dangerous if the person breathes vomit into the lungs (aspirated).
- Skin can be cool and sweaty, or hot and dry.
- Chest pain is possible and can be caused by heart or lung damage. Shortness of breath may occur. Breathing may get rapid, slow, deep, or shallow.
- Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are possible. Vomiting blood, or blood in bowel movements, can be life threatening.
- Specific drugs can damage specific organs, depending on the drug.
In addition to the long-term health issues that the drug can create, the opiate carries an exceedingly high risk of overdose. Often caused by crushing the pill to bypass the drug’s otherwise metered release, OxyContin overdoses can be quickly fatal. Signs of overdose can include loss of motor skills, cardiac arrest, slowed or halted breathing, and profuse sweating. According to the Iowa Department of Public Safety’s Division of Narcotics Enforcement, other signs associated with overdose are clammy skin, glazed eyes or a “distant” look, strong headaches and slurring of the speech. Nausea and vomiting can also indicate an overdose, causing a risk of aspiration. OxyContin overdose can result in loss of consciousness, brain damage, coma and death.
Bloodstain Evidence in Shooting Incidents
Aspirated blood — spatter produced by sneezing or coughing with blood in airways
HVIS — high velocity impact spatter; typically produced by gunshots
Bloodstain evidence is common in shooting incidents. The most characteristic blood spatter that is produced is high velocity impact spatter (HVIS) is that caused by the impact of the projectile with the body.
HVIS actually consists of a range of sizes, all typically less than 0.1 mm in diameter.
Subsequent to the HVIS, there will often be blood spatter in the medium and low velocity range (1-3 mm diameter).
This can be confusing to the uninitiated and sometimes puzzling to even the more experienced investigator.
An additional consideration is the possible presence of aspirated blood that often mimics HVIS in appearance.
IV. KEY POINTS
• Blood spatter due to projectile impacts is categorized as high velocity impact spatter (HVIS).
• The forces that produce HVIS blood spatter are associated with velocities of 100 feet/second or more.
• HVIS travels a maximum of about 4 feet horizontally.
• Aspirated blood can resemble HVIS.
It is common for there to be multiple-sized stains in a given pattern of bloodstains present at a crime scene.
It is the spatter size that is in predominance that determines the responsible force (assuming multiple events are not being represented).
Because blood exhibits some rather unique properties, the behavior of blood in response to external forces and in flight is also rather unique.
*Sneezing or coughing by bleeding victims with bloody air passages can produce aspirated blood that often has the appearance of HVIS.
Aspirated Blood and HVIS
Whenever the investigator finds what appears to be HVIS at a scene, it is imperative that it be established whether or not blood was present in the air passages of the victim.
When someone coughs or sneezes while blood is present in the airways, spatter resembling HVIS can be produced.
Sometimes it will be possible to recognize the spatter as aspirated blood due to the fisheye appearance of the dried droplets.
This is the result of air mixing with the blood.
Similarly, the presence of saliva can produce a visible effect.
The enzyme amylase can also be present as an indicator of aspirated blood rather than HVIS.
It should be noted that the absence of amylase is insufficient evidence to rule out aspirated blood as the source of a stain pattern.
The information in this report in my opinion is too graphic to include on U4A. You can go to the link and read for yourself if you wish, I think there’s a lot of information that could be relevant to Ayla’s case.
Something I noticed while reading this article:
The second subcommittee is the Training and Education Subcommittee. The members of this subcommittee have been tasked with developing guidelines for the basic educational and training requirements for practicing bloodstain pattern analysts and the basic content of specialized training courses in BPA. The training and Education Subcommittee is chaired by Heather Seubert of the FBI Laboratory. The remaining members of this group include Kenneth Martin of the Massachusetts State Police, Paul Kish of Forensic Consultant & Associates, Toby Wolson of the Miami-Dade Police Department, Richard Eikelenboom of Independent Forensic Services in The Netherlands, and Pat Laturnus of the Ontario Police College.
A pickup truck with Massachusetts license plates was parked nearby, as was a Maine detective’s car. A man wearing a Massachusetts State Police jacket also was on the scene.
McCausland said Massachusetts detectives offered special investigative equipment to aid in the investigation.
“And we took them up on the offer,” he said.
McCausland declined to provide details on the equipment and its uses.
Two weeks after Ayla Reynolds went missing, evidence technicians from Massachusetts joined Maine State Police crime scene investigators on Friday at the Waterville home where the girl was last seen by her father. The home 75 miles north of Portland now sits empty, surrounded by yellow crime scene tape.
Hours later, Waterville police Chief Joseph Massey announced Friday night that the case “has evolved from the search for a missing child to a criminal investigation.
Maine State Police Tip Line – 207-624-7076